Canada’s inflation rate holds steady at 3.1%

Canada’s annual inflation rate held steady at 3.1 per cent in November, matching the previous month’s rate, according to data released by Statistics Canada on Tuesday.

Economists were expecting the rate to fall below the three per cent threshold, putting the economy closer to the Bank of Canada’s two per cent inflation goal.

Mortgage interest costs and the high cost of rent remain two of the largest contributors to the inflation rate, rising 29.8 per cent and 7.4 per cent from a year ago, respectively.

Higher prices for travel tours put upward pressure on consumer costs as well. Slower price growth for food, energy and cell services balanced this out.

While the price of groceries rose 4.7 per cent from a year ago, they did so at a slower pace compared to the previous year’s rates for the fifth consecutive month in a row — with a few exceptions, including meat, preserved vegetables and sugar, the agency reported.

If volatile food and energy prices are stripped out from the core inflation number, the consumer price index hovered at 3.5 per cent in November.

Canadians are still feeling the pressure at the supermarket. Chloe Daley, who spoke to CBC News outside a Toronto grocery store, said “everything is still the same price. It’s still $2.99 for a cucumber when it used to be $0.99.”

“Even though they’re saying it’s slowly going down. I don’t see a change in anything,” she said. “It’s very hard.”

WATCH | Grocery bills might still increase next year, says report from early December: 

Some foods could get cheaper in 2024, but grocery bills may still go up

Canada’s Food Price Report predicts that overall food prices will go up in 2024, but some products could get cheaper as many industry challenges have eased. 

Though Bank of Montreal chief economist Douglas Porter called the results “moderately disappointing,” he wrote in a note the bigger picture remains that underlying inflation has lowered, the economy is cooling and the Bank of Canada is still expected to start cutting its key interest rate mid-next year.

The Bank of Canada held interest rates steady this month at five per cent for the fourth month in a row, more than a year and a half after beginning its aggressive campaign to cool the economy.

Last week, the central bank’s governor Tiff Macklem said that it was still too soon for the institution to consider rate cuts.

Barbershop owner says costs haven’t come down

Jereme Bokitch, the founder of Calgary hair salon group Hedkandi, said that even as inflation eases, the cost of operating the group’s businesses hasn’t changed accordingly.

“Any time the prices have went up for anything in our world, they’ve never come down,” Bokitch said.

A man with silver hair and thick rimmed glasses is shown in a hair salon.
‘Anytime the prices have went up for anything in our world, they’ve never come down,’ said Jereme Bokitch, the founder of Calgary hair salon group Hedkandi. (Anis Heydari/CBC)

“So as we’re getting, every six months, a price increase for our shampoo, our cleaners, our coffee, every little thing that we use to complete a service, it’s never went back. So it just keeps getting more and more expensive.”

Per Statistics Canada’s latest data, the cost of services remained high in November, rising 4.6 per cent year-over-year and matching October’s rate.

“I think every single thing would need to come down in my business in order to offer a price decrease,” Bokitch added. “And after doing this for 25 years, I’ve yet to see anybody raise their prices and then back them back out.”

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